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All posts by: Paul Bennett

About Paul Bennett


This post post is all about fronts. It is a great tool to prepare for a lot of the questions on the Transport Canada Advanced RPAS exam. What is a front? A front is a zone of transition between two air masses. The zone, or front, can vary in size from very small to very […]

Exam Prep, Weather

ROC-A Study Resources

The ROC-A is not currently required in order to fly drones in Canada as a Basic or Advanced pilot of drones under 25KG flown within visual line of sight. The Transport Canada exams for the Basic and Advanced pilot permits do, however, have several questions that are based on the ROC-A knowledge requirements. This page […]

Exam Prep, Radio Telephony

Fog and Mist

What is the difference between mist and fog? Fog and mist differ only by how well you can see through them. What you see is fog if you have less than 1 KM visibility and mist if you can see more than 1 KM. Surface Layer Type Visibility Fog < 1KM Mist > 1KM How […]

Exam Prep, Weather

Transponders and Drones

What is a transponder? A transponder is a device installed in a manned aircraft that responds with a code when it receives a radio request from air traffic control’s systems. This code is used to help air traffic control identify what aircraft are nearby and where they are. Modes Transponders have modes that do slightly […]

Exam Prep, General Aviation

Sleep deprivation

For years we have been teaching people about the effects of fatigue on a pilot’s ability to perform. This is obvious when you think about the single pilot flying you across Georgia Straight in a turbo otter, but not as obvious when you think about flying a drone. What are the symptoms of sleep deprivation? […]

Exam Prep, Human Factors


Whiteout is a weather condition that causes disorientation and low visibility by snow, overcast cloud and fog. Basically, the whiteout in aviation occurs when the pilots cannot see the visible horizon because of the terrain covered with snow in the white sky. Also, blowing snow may lead to the whiteout due to reduced visibility. Imagine, […]

Exam Prep, Weather

Veering and Backing Winds

Backing and veering are just a change in wind direction. These changes, as with most wind changes, are usually a result of pressure changes or fronts and air masses moving and pushing air around. Veering Winds A veering wind is a wind that changes direction clockwise, thus veering to the right such as turning from […]

Exam Prep, Weather

Wake Turbulence

Another subject that was not previously in our training materials but that our clients have noted is appearing in the Transport Canada exams is helicopter wake turbulence. As with any aircraft, a helicopter creates a wake in the air similar to what a boat creates in the water. If you have ever been in a […]

Exam Prep, General Aviation